Сочинения по английскому языку:
Ernest Hemingway, an outstanding American novelist, short story
writer and journalist of the 20th century, was a son of a country
doctor. Hemingway worked as a reporter for the Kansas City Star
after graduating from high school in 1917. During World War I he
served as an ambulance driver in France and in the Italian infantry
and was wounded just before his 19th birthday. Later, while working
in Paris as a correspondent for the Toronto Star, he became involved
with the expatriate literary and artistic circle surrounding
Gertrude Stein. During the Spanish Civil War, Hemingway served as a
correspondent. He fought in World War II. In 1954, Hemingway was
awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. He had a lot of ill health
problems, and in July, 1961, he committed suicide by shooting
Hemingway's fiction usually focuses on people living dangerous
lives— soldiers, fishermen, athletes, bullfighters — who meet the
pain and difficulty of their life with stoic courage. Hemingway's
first books, attracted attention because of his literary style. His
style, influenced by Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein, is direct and
often monotonous but very well suited to the subject matter.
With the publication of The Sun Also Rises (1926), he was
recognized as the spokesman of the lost generation' (so called by
Gertrude Stein). The novel describes a group of expatriates living
in postwar Paris. They are disillusioned and take psychological
refuge in such immediate physical activities as eating, drinking,
travelling — and love-making. His next important novel, A Farewell
to Arms (1929), tells of a tragic wartime love affair between an
ambulance driver and an English nurse. Hemingway also published such
volumes of short stories as Men without Women (1927) and Winner
Takes Nothing (1933), as well as The Fifth Column, a play.
Hemingway's nonfiction works, Death in the Afternoon (1932),
about bullfighting, and Green Hills of Africa (1935), about big-game
hunting, glorify bravery. From his experience in the Spanish Civil
War came Hemingway's great novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940),
which, describing an incident in the war, argues for human
brotherhood. His novel The Old Man and the Sea (1952) celebrates the
courage of an aged Cuban fisherman. Among Hemingway's other works
are the novels To Have and Have Not (1937) and Across the River and
into the Trees (1950); he also edited an anthology of stories, Men
at War (1942).
Перевод текста: Ernest Hemingway
1. Хемингуэй был выдающимся американским писателем-романистом,
новелистом и журналистом, он работал репортером, служил водителем
машины скорой помощи во время Первой мировой войны, был ранен,
служил корреспондентом во время Второй мировой войны и покончил
2. В Париже он связался с литературно-художественным кружком
эмигрантов, главой которой была Гертруда Штайн, которая оказала
большое влияние на Хемингуэя.
3. Он знаменит своим стилем, прямым и часто монотонным, но очень
хорошо передающим предмет повествования.
4. В центре внимания его художественных произведений — люди, ведущие
опасную жизнь и стоически переносящие боль: участники боя быков,
5. Хемингуэй — признанный представитель «потерянного поколения» —
людей без иллюзий, искавших психологическое спасение в простых
физических действиях (отправлениях).
6. Нехудожественные произведения Хемингуэя посвящены бою быков и
охоте на крупного зверя и воспевают смелость.
1. Hemingway was an outstanding American novelist, short story
writer and journalist of the 20th century and worked as a reporter,
served as an ambulance driver during World War I, was wounded,
served as a correspondent during World War II, and committed
2. In Paris he became involved with the expatriated literary and
artistic circle surrounding Gertrude Stein and was greatly
influenced by her.
3. He is famous for his style which is direct and often monotonous
but very well suited to the subject matter.
4. His fiction focuses on people living dangerous lives and meeting
pain with stoic courage — bullfighters, soldiers, fishermen.
5. Hemingway is recognised as a spokesman of the 'lost generation' —
disillusioned people taking psychological refuge in immediate
6. Hemingway's nonfiction works are about bullfighting and big-game
hunting and glorify bravery.