Сочинения по английскому языку:
A profound psychologist and philosopher, Dostoyevsky depicted
with remarkable insight the depth and complexity of the human soul.
His powerful though generally humorless narrative style, his
understanding of the intricacies of character, especially the
pathological conscience, and his interest in sin and redemption made
him a giant among novelists.
Dostoyevsky was born and raised in Moscow. His father, a military
surgeon and an alcoholic of despotic temperament, was brutally
killed by his own serfs. This event haunted Dostoyevsky all his life
and perhaps accounts in part for the preoccupation with murder and
guilt in his writings. Dostoyevsky attended military engineering
school in St. Petersburg but soon abandoned this career for writing.
His first published work, Poor Folk (1846), which brought him
immediate critical and public recognition, reveals his
characteristic compassion for the downtrodden. At about this time
Dostoyevsky became involved with a group of radical Utopians. The
discovery of their illegal printing press brought about their
arrest. Dostoyevsky was sentenced to four years in a Siberian penal
colony. During this period he suffered great physical and mental
pain, including repeated attacks of epilepsy. He abandoned his
belief in the liberal, atheistic ideologies of Western Europe and
turned wholeheartedly to religion and to the belief that Orthodox
Russia was destined to be the spiritual leader of the world. After
several years of obligatory military service in Siberia, he was
allowed to return to St. Petersburg.
Dostoyevsky joined his beloved brother Mikhail in editing the
magazine Time, which serialized The Insulted and The Injured (1861
-1862) and the record of his experience in the penal colony, The
House of the Dead (1862). Notes from the Underground (1864), a
detailed study of neurotic suffering, began the greatest period of
Dostoyevsky's literary career. Crime and Punishment, a brilliant
portrait of sin, remorse, and redemption through sacrifice, followed
in 1866. His next novel, The Idiot (1868), concerns a Christ figure,
a meek and noble man whose effect on those around him is tragic. The
Possessed (1871-1872) is a violent denunciation of the leftists and
revolutionaries that Dostoyevsky had previously admired. This theme
is central to the enormously complex plot and character development
of his masterpiece, The Brothers Karamazov (1879-1880), generally
thought to be one of the finest novels ever written.
Dostoyevsky died of a lung hemorrhage complicated by an attack of
Перевод текста: Feodor Dostoyevsky
1. Достоевский знаменит проникновенным психологическим анализом
глубокой и сложной человеческой души.
2. Он понимал тонкости характера и особенно патологического
3. Он также знаменит вниманием, которое он проявлял в своих
произведениях к убийству и преступлению (вине), греху и раскаянию.
4. Его книги отражают сочувствие к угнетенным и часто представляют
из себя подробный отчет о моральных страданиях.
5. Он часто страдал от физической боли и психический болезней, в том
числе от приступов эпилепсии.
6. Для его книг характерно сложное развитие сюжета и характеров.
7. Достоевский издавал журнал, который печатал его произведения
1. Dostoevsky is famous for his profound psychological analysis
of the depth and complexity of the human soul.
2. He understood the intricacies of character, especially of
3. He is also famous for his preoccupation with murder and guilt,
sin and remorse in his writings.
4. His books reveal compassion for the downtrodden and are often a
detailed study of moral suffering.
5. He often suffered great physical pain and mental diseases,
including attacks of epilepsy.
6. His books are characterised by complex plot and character
7. Dostoevsky edited a magazine which serialised some of his books.