Сочинения по английскому языку:
Pollock's early work was influenced by the Mexican muralists
David Alfaro Siqueiros, and Diego Rivera. After visiting exhibitions
of Pablo Picasso and Surrealist Art, his work became more symbolic.
Pollock's first solo show was held at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of this
Century Gallery (in New York) in 1943.
Pollock's style changed dramatically beginning in 1947. He began
painting with his (usually large) canvases placed on the floor, and
developed his 'pour' technique. He used his brushes as sticks to
drip paint, and the brush never touched the canvas. This was an
origination of action painting. He changed the Western tradition of
using an easel and brush, as well as moved away from use only of the
hand and wrist — as he used his whole body to paint. Pollock was
dubbed 'Jack the Dripper' due to his painting style.
This change in style and technique came from many influences. In
the winter of 1947-48, Pollock published a commentary, called
Possibilities, describing his new method: 'My painting does not come
from the easel I prefer to tack the unstretched canvas to the hard
wall or the floor. I need the resistance of a hard surface. On the
floor I am more at ease. I feel nearer, more part of the painting,
since this way I can walk around it, work from the four sides and
literally be in the painting. This is akin to the method of the
Indian sand painters of the West. When I am in my painting, I'm not
aware of what I'm doing. It is only after a sort of 'get acquainted'
period that I see what I have been about. I have no fear of making
changes, destroying the image, etc., because the painting has a life
of its own. I try to let it come through. It is only when I lose
contact with the painting that the result is a mess. Otherwise there
is pure harmony, an easy give and take, and the painting comes out
well/ Other influences on his 'pour4 technique include the Mexican
muralists mentioned above, and also Surrealist automatism.
When the first set of these paintings was exhibited in 1948 it
was a sensation and a sell out. Pollock was able to take on a larger
studio building and there produced the series of 6 paintings of 1950
for which he is most renowned. Pollock was profiled in Time Magazine
as 'the greatest living American artist' in 1951. His 1952 painting
of Blue Poles was sold for $2 million, which was then the highest
price paid for a contemporary artwork, when it was bought by the
National Gallery of Australia in 1973.
Перевод текста: Jackson Pollock
1. Раннее творчество Поллока испытало влияние со стороны
мексиканских художников-монументалистов; позднее стало
символическим, а еще позднее Поллок стал применять технику налива
краски на холст, что означало возникновение направления живописи,
использующий технологию разбрызгивания краски на холст.
2. Он изменил западную традицию использования мольберта и кисти, и
за стиль живописи его стали называть «Джек-Разбрызгиватель».
3. При написании картины ему нужно было сопротивление твердой
поверхности, чтобы достичь в живописи «чистой гармонии».
4. Когда была выставлена первая серия его картин, они вызвали
сенсацию и были распроданы, после чего он написал свою наиболее
знаменитую серию из 6 картин.
5. Поллока называли «величайшим из современных американских
художников», и его картины продавались по самым высоким в то время
ценам на произведения современного искусства.
1. Pollock's early work was influenced by the Mexican muralists,
later it became symbolic, and then he developed his 'pour'
technique, which was an origination of action painting.
2. He changed the Western tradition of using an easel and a brush
and was dubbed 'Jack the Dripper' due to his painting style.
3. For his painting, he needed the resistance of a hard surface to
achieve pure harmony in his painting.
4. When the first set of his pictures was exhibited, there was a
sensation and a sell-out, and reproduced his series of 6 pictures
which is most renowned.
5. Pollock was named 'the greatest living American artist', and his
paintings were sold at prices which then were the highest prices for