Сочинения по английскому языку:
Thomas Gainsborough was one of the most famous portrait and
landscape painters of 18th century Britain. The poetic sensibility
of his paintings caused Constable to say, 'On looking at them, we
find tears in our eyes and know not what brings them.'
Gainsborough was born in 1727 in Sudbury, England. His father was
a schoolteacher. At the age of fourteen he impressed his father with
his pencilling skills so that he let him go to London to study art
in 1740. In London he became associated with William Hogarth and his
school. In the 1740s, Gainsborough married Margaret Burr. His work,
mainly landscape paintings, was not selling very well. He returned
to Sudbury in 1748—1749 and concentrated on the painting of
In 1759, Gainsborough and his family moved to Bath. There he
studied portraits of Van Dyck and was able to get high society
clients. In 1769 he began to send his works to the Royal Academy's
annual exhibitions. He selected portraits of known or notorious
clients to attract attention. Exhibitions helped him to gain a
national reputation and he was invited to become one of the founding
members of the Royal Academy in 1769.
In 1774, Gainsborough and his family moved to London He again
exhibited his paintings in the Royal Academy, with portraits of
contemporary celebrities, including the Duke and Duchess of
Cumberland. These exhibitions continued for the next six years. In
1780, he painted the portraits of King George III and his queen and
later received many royal commissions and became the favourite
painter of the Royal Family.
In his later years, he often painted landscapes and was one of
the originators of the eighteenth-century British landscape school,
and one of the dominant British portraitists of the second half of
the 18th century. Gainsborough painted more from his observations of
nature than using formal rules. He said, Tm sick of portraits, and
wish very much to ... walk off to some sweet village, where I can
paint landscapes and enjoy the fag end of life in quietness and
His best works, such as Portrait of Mrs. Graham; Mary and
Margaret: The Painter's Daughters; William Hallett and His Wife
Elizabeth, and Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher, display the
individuality of his subjects.
Gainsborough died of cancer on 2 August 1788 in his 62nd year.
Перевод текста: Thomas Gainsborough
1. Томас Гейнсборо, один из самых знаменитых британских портретистов
и пейзажистов XVIII века, известен поэтическим чувством, которое он
вносил в свои картины.
2. На отца Гейнсборо произвела впечатление техника рисования его
сына, и он послал его обучаться искусству (живописи) в Лондон, где
он стал общаться с Уильямом Хоггартом.
3. Пейзажи Гейнсборо очень хорошо продавались, и ему удалось найти
клиентов из высшего общества и послать свои работы на ежегодные
выставки Королевской академии.
4. Он завоевал общенациональную известность и стал одним из ведущих
5. Когда он переехал в Лондон, он снова стал выставлять свои
картины, в том числе портреты современных ему знаменитостей, в
королевской академии, и получил многочисленные заказы от королевской
6. Гейнсборо был одним из ведущих портретистов XIX века.
7. Позже он часто рисовал пейзажи и был одним из основателей
британской школы пейзажа XVIII века.
8. Гейнсборо писал свои пейзажи, больше основываясь на собственных
наблюдениях природы, чем руководствуясь формальными правилами.
9. Его портреты отражают индивидуальность изображенных на них людей.
1. Thomas Gainsborough, one of the most famous British portrait and
landscape painters of the 18th century, is famous for the poetic
sensibility of his paintings.
2. Gainsborough's father was impressed by his son's pencilling
skills and sent him to study art to London, where he became
associated with William Hogarth.
3. Gainsborough's landscape paintings were selling very well, and he
was able to get high society clients and send works to the Royal
Academy's annual exhibitions.
4. He gained a national reputation and became one of the founding
members of the Royal Academy.
5. When he moved to London, he again exhibited his paintings, which
included portraits of contemporary celebrities, in the Royal
Academy, and received many royal commissions.
6. Gainsborough was one of the dominant portraitists of the 19th
7. Later he often painted landscapes and was one of the originators
of the 18th century British landscape school.
8. Gainsborough painted his landscapes more from his observations of
nature than using formal rules.
9. His portraits display the individuality of his subjects.