Краткое содержание работы
this report, the commerce in Estonia is going to be described in different
periods of time.
Trade in the past
most important Estonian trading centers during Middle Ages were still Tallinn
and Narva, the first as a provincial centre and a transit harbor between
Western Europe and Russia. The Narva River served as a trading route to Pskov,
Novgorod and Moscow.
Baltic trade was taken over by foreign merchants, mostly from North Germany,
the Netherlands and later England.
most important export item was grain; flax from Russia and Estonia was the next
important. Russian shipbuilding materials, furs, wax and timber products were
sent to Western Europe via Tallinn. It was by sea that the main Estonian
imports such as salt (which was then taken to Russia and Finland), spices,
wine, fruit, salt, textiles etc. were imported from the West, mainly from Spain
and Flanders. Iron was shipped to Estonia from Sweden and tin from England.
trading items remained almost the same during the Middle Ages, and partly also
Trade in our time
trade in the country has reached a significant level. Port of Tallinn is the
leading cargo port in Estonia, as well as an important transit center in
general. It handles most of the cargo flows between Russia and Western Europe.
Estonia exports various products: electronic devices and components of all
kinds, and motor vehicle safety equipment, wood products, textiles, food
products, metals and chemical products also.
and equipment, chemical products, foodstuffs, metal products, textiles are
being imported from Finland, Russia, Sweden, Germany and Japan.
is situated on a busy trading route between East and West and has always had
excellent ports. It is clear that foreign trade and transit are therefore ever
more and more important to the Estonian economy.
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