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Kazakhstan is a sovereign state. In December 1991 Kazakhstan
declared its independence. Kazak government pursues the policy of friendship
and national accord. Historically Kazakhstan has developed as a multinational
state. According to the constitution adopted in 1995 every nationality can
develop its culture in Kazakhstan. All people of Kazakhstan have equal rights
and duties. Both industry and agriculture are developing here. Nowadays many
private firms and joint ventures appear. Kazakhstan has established diplomatic
relations with seventy countries of the world. President of Kazakhstan
Nursultan Nazarbayev is highly respected not only in this country but abroad as
well because he is an honest and intelligent statesman.
The most important industrial centres are Karaganda, Pavlodar,
Zhezkazgan, Taraz. Our country is rich in mineral resources and minerals.
Copper, iron, zinc, lead, coal are mined in Kazakhstan. Now the aim of
independent Kazakhstan is to become the country of high technology.
Kazakhstan is good for a place of useful health resorts. People can
improve their health at the resorts in Kostanay, Kokshetau, Almaty. They say
that Kokshetau is "Kazak Switzerland" because its nature is beautiful
and climate is mild. Kazak people are friendly and open-hearted.
Almaty is the cultural, Scientific, economic and transport centre of
Kazakhstan. This is one of the most beautiful cities of Asia. The city has a
mild climate. Summer in Almaty lasts from May till September with the average
temperature of 22 degrees in July. Winter is not very cold with the average
temperature of 8 degrees below zero in January.
The city was founded in 1854. Till 1921 it was named Verny. In 1929
Almaty became the capital of the Kazak Socialist Republic. Almaty was the
capital of independent Kazakhstan till November 1997. Nowadays the city has
seven theatres, many cinemas, hundreds of clubs, libraries and other cultural
and educational centres. The most important theatres are the Kazak State
Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after Abai and the Kazak State Academic
Drama Theatre named after M.Auesov. The city also has the Russian, Uigur,
Korean theatres and many other troupes.
Verny had only one gymnasium. Now in Almaty there are 185 schools of
general education, a lot of technical secondary schools and Universities.
Almaty is a University city. Young people from different places og Kazakhstan
come to study here.
Almaty is situated at the food of the Ala-Tau montains. The climate
is very favourable for gardening. Everybody in kazakstan knows the world famous
apples "aport". The citizens of Almaty are proud of the well known
skating-rink "Medeo". It is equipped with all modern sport facilities.
The most important competition are held there.
Almaty is the city of kind and hospitable people. It is a great
pleasure to visit it.
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