Сочинения по английскому языку:
Alexei Savrasov was a Russian landscape painter and creator of
the lyrical landscape style. Savrasov was born into the family of a
merchant. He began to draw early and in 1838 he entered the Moscow
School of painting, sculpturing and architecture. He graduated from
it in 1850, and immediately began to specialize in landscape
painting. In 1857, Savrasov became a teacher at the Moscow School of
painting, sculpturing and architecture. His best disciples, Isaac
Levitan and Konstantin Korovin, remembered their teacher with
admiration and gratitude.
The Rooks Have Come Back was painted by Savrasov near Ipatiev
Monastery in Kostroma. In 1857, he married Sophia Karlovna Hertz,
sister of art historian K. Hertz. In their home they entertained
artistic people and collectors including Pavel Tretyakov. Savrasov
became especially close with Vasily Perov. Perov helped him paint
the figures of the boat trackers in Savrasov's Volga near Yuryevets,
Savrasov painted landscapes for Perov's Bird Catcher and Hunters on
Bivouac, In the 1860s, he travelled to England to see the
International Exhibition, and to Switzerland. In one of his letters
he wrote that no academies in the world could so advance an artist
as the present world exhibition. The painters who influenced him
most were British painter John Constable and Swiss painter Alexandre
The Rooks Have Come Back (1871) is considered by many critics to
be the high point in Savrasov's artistic career. Using a trivial
episode of birds returning home, and an extremely simple landscape,
Savrasov emotionally showed the transition of nature from winter to
spring. It was a new type of lyrical landscape painting, called
later by critics the mood landscape. The painting brought him fame.
In 1870, he became a member of the Peredvizhniki group.
In 1871, after the death of his daughter, there was a crisis in
his art. He became an alcoholic. All attempts of his relatives and
friends to help him were in vain. Only the doorkeeper of the Moscow
School of painting, sculpturing and architecture and Pavel
Tretyakov, founder of the Tretyakov Gallery, were present at his
funeral in 1897.
Перевод текста: Alexei Savrasov
1. Саврасов, выдающийся русский пейзажист, известен тем, что
создал жанр лирического пейзажа, позже названного «пейзажем
2. Он закончил Московскую школу живописи, скульптуры и архитектуры,
несколько лет преподавал там, и его ученики вспоминают о нем с
восхищением и благодарностью.
3. На его творчество оказали большое влияние британские и
4. Многие критики считали его картину «Грачи прилетели», которая
принесла ему славу, вершиной его творчества.
5. Саврасов считал, что участие в международных выставках может
внести больший вклад в профессиональный рост художника, чем учеба в
художественных академиях. .
1. Savrasov, an outstanding Russian landscape painter, is famous
for creating the lyrical landscape, later called mood landscape by
2. He graduated from the Moscow school of painting, sculpturing and
architecture, was a teacher of it for some years and is remembered
by his disciples with admiration and gratitude.
3. In his work, he was influenced by British and Swiss painters.
4. Many critics considered his painting The Rooks Have Come Back
Home, which brought him fame, to be the high point in his artistic
5. Savrasov believed that participation in international art
exhibitions could advance an artist more than art academies.