Сочинения по английскому языку:
Turner is commonly known as 'the painter of light'. Although
famous for his oils, he is also regarded as one of the founders of
English watered-our landscape painting. In 2005 Turner's The
Fighting Temeraire was voted Britain's 'greatest painting9 in a
public poll organized by the BBC. Turner, along with John Constable,
was at the forefront of English painting. Impressionists carefully
studied his techniques, although they diminished the power of his
paintings. In the modern art era, advocates of abstract art were
also influenced by Turner.
Turner's talent was recognized early in his life: he became a
full art academician at the age of 23. Financial independence
allowed Turner to innovate and his later pictures were called
'fantastic puzzles.' However, Turner was still recognized as an
artistic genius: Influential English art critic John Ruskin
described Turner as the artist who could most 'stirringly and
truthfully measure the moods of Nature.' His distinctive style of
painting, in which he used watercolour technique with oil paints,
created lightness, fluency, and disappearing atmospheric effects.
Turner's father, William Turner, was a wig-maker and later became
a barber. His mother, a housewife, died early.
He was accepted into the Royal Academy of Art when he was only 15
years old. A watercolour of his was accepted for the Summer
Exhibition of 1790 after only one year's study. He exhibited his
first oil painting in 1796. Throughout the rest of his life, he
regularly exhibited at the academy. His first works, such as Tintern
Abbey (1795) and Venice: S. Giorgio Maggiore (1819), stayed true to
the traditions of English landscape. The awesome power of nature was
a consistent motif in Turner's works as seen in Hannibal Crossing
the Alps (1812), Dawnafterthe Wreck (1840) and The Slave-Ship (1840)
and many others.
Examples of his later style can be seen in Rain, Steam and Speed
— The Great Western Railway, where the objects are barely
Turner left a large fortune which he hoped would be used to
support what he called "decayed artists'. His collection of finished
paintings was bequeathed to the British nation. A prestigious annual
art award, the Turner Prize, created in 1984, was named in Turner's
He died in his house in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea on 19 December 1851.
At his request he was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, where he lies
next to Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Перевод текста: Joseph Turner
1. Тернер, один из основателей английской школы пейзажной акварели,
известен как «художник света».
2. Одна из его картин была названа «величайшей картиной Британии» в
результате опроса общественного мнения, проведенного Би-Би-Си.
3. Тернер занимает важнейшее место в английской живописи, он оказал
влияние на сторонников абстрактного искусства, его технику
внимательно изучали импрессионисты.
4. Финансовая независимость давала ему возможность
5. Его признавали гениальным художником, у него был узнаваемый стиль
живописи, в котором он использовал технику акварели при письме
6. Он был принят в Королевскую академию, когда ему было всего 15
лет, регулярно выставлялся в академии, оставил большое наследство
после смерти и завещал свою коллекцию законченных картин британскому
7. В 1984 году была учреждена престижная премия в области искусства
и названа в честь Тернера.
8. Он оставался верным традициям английского пейзажа, а постоянным
мотивом в его работах была ужасающая сила природы.
1. Turner is one of the founders of English watercolour landscape
painting, commonly known as 'the painter of light'.
2. One of his paintings was voted Britain's 'greatest painting' in a
public poll organized by the BBC.
3. Turner was at the forefront of English painting, he influenced
advocates of abstract art, and his techniques were carefully studied
by the impressionists.
4. Financial independence allowed him to innovate.
5. He was recognized as an artistic genius, and had a distinctive
style of painting, in which he used watercolour techniques in oil
6. He was accepted into the Royal Academy of Art when he was only
15, regularly exhibited at the Academy, left a large fortune when he
died, and bequeathed his collection of finished paintings to the
7. A prestigious annual art award was created in 1984 and was named
in Turner's honour.
8. He stayed true to the traditions of English landscape, describing
the awesome power of nature being a consistent motif in Turner's