Сочинения по английскому языку:
Sholokhov, an outstanding Russian Soviet novelist, was born in
the Kamensk region of Russia, in the 'land of the Cossacks' — in
stanitsa Veshenskaya. His father was at times a farmer, cattle
trader. His mother was illiterate but learned to read and write in
order to correspond with her son.
Sholokhov began writing at 17. The Birthmark, Sholokhov's first
story, appeared when he was 19. In 1922 Sholokhov moved to Moscow to
become a journalist, but he had to support himself through manual
labour. From 1922 to 1924 he changed many jobs, but he also
participated in writers 'seminars/ In 1924 Sholokhov returned to
Veshesnkaya and devoted himself entirely to writing. In the same
year he got married and had two daughters and two sons.
His first book Tales from the Don (1926), a volume of stories
about the Cossacks of his native region during World War I and the
Russian Civil War, won him the 1965 Nobel Prize for Literature. In
the same year Sholokhov began writing And Quiet Flows the Don, which
earned the Stalin Prize and took him fourteen years to complete
(1928—1940). It became the most read work of Soviet fiction and was
a powerful example of socialist realism. Virgin Soil Upturned, which
took 28 years to complete, reflects life during collectivization in
the Don area. The short story The Fate of a Man (1957) was made into
a popular Russian film and his unfinished novel They Fought for
Their Country is about the Great Patriotic War. During World War II
Sholokhov wrote for various journals. His collected works was
published in eight volumes between 1956 and 1960.
Sholokhov has been accused of plagiarizing And Quiet Flows the
Don. A 1984 monograph demonstrated through computer study that
Sholokhov was indeed the likely author of the book. And in 1987,
several thousand pages of notes and drafts of the work were
discovered and authenticated.
In 1937 he was elected to the Soviet Parliament. In 1959 he
accompanied Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev on a trip to Europe and
the United States. He became a member of the CPSU Central Committee
in 1961, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1939, and
was a member of the USSR Supreme Soviet. He was twice awarded Hero
of Socialist Labour, and later became vice president of the
Association of Soviet Writers.
Перевод текста: Mikhail Sholokhov
1. Шолохов был знаменитым русским советским романистом, чей первый
рассказ появился, когда ему было 19 лет.
2. Он переехал в Москву, чтобы стать журналистом, но ему пришлось
зарабатывать на жизнь физическим трудом.
3. Он вернулся в Вешенскую, чтобы целиком посвятить себя
4. Его первый сборник рассказов завоевал Нобелевскую премию в
5. Его роман «Тихий Дон», наиболее читаемая книга советской
художественной литературы и яркий пример социалистического реализма,
писался в течение 14 лет и завоевал Сталинскую премию.
6. Рассказ «Судьба человека» был положен в основу популярного
7. Во время второй мировой войны Шолохов писал для различных
8. Его собрание сочинений было издано в 8 томах.
9. Его обвиняли в плагиате «Тихого Дона», но затем были найдены
заметки и наброски произведения, была установлена их подлинность, и
было доказано, что он автор книги.
10. Он был избран в Советский парламент, стал членом ЦК КПСС,
академиком Академии наук СССР, и был Дважды Героем Социалистического
1. Sholokhov was an outstanding Russian Soviet novelist whose first
story appeared when he was 19.
2. He moved to Moscow to become a journalist but had to support
himself through manual labour.
3. He returned to Veshenskaya to devote himself entirely to writing.
4. His first volume of stories won him the Nobel Prize for
5. His novel And Quiet Flows the Don, the most read work of Soviet
fiction and a powerful example of socialist realism, took him 14
years to complete and earned the Stalin Prize.
6. The short story The Fate of a Man was made into a popular film.
7. During world War II Sholokhov wrote for different journals.
8. His collected works was published in 8 volumes.
9. He has been accused of plagiarizing And Quiet flows the Don, but
later the notes and drafts of the work were discovered and
authenticated, and it was proved he was the author of the book.
10. He was elected to the Soviet Parliament, became a member of the
CPSU Central Committee, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences,
and was twice awarded Hero of Socialist Labour.